Acid-free paper addresses the problem of preserving documents and artwork for long periods. It is made using alkaline paper making technology. This means the pH of the pulp that is used to form the paper is above 7 (neutral). It can be made from any cellulose fiber as long as the active acid pulp is eliminated during processing. Acid-free papers can be used for wrapping or storing jewellery, silver or photographs.
Archival paper, also acid free, has been made to last a long period of time eg 300+ years. Ideal for the production of special printed materials like books, journals, maps, historial manuscripts, photographs and secondary literature that supports special collections like interpretational signage for museums and library’s.
Carbon neutral paper, also known as carbon balanced or carbon offset, means the paper has been manufactured by a paper mill that has measured their entire carbon footprint from the amount of greenhouse gases (carbon emissions) they produce through the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, manufacturing and transportation and their impact on the environment. The carbon impact has then been balanced, or offset by planting new trees to capture the CO2.
Elemental Chlorine Free (ECF)
Paper that is made without the use of elemental chlorine. In ECF bleaching, chlorine dioxide is usually the main bleaching agent. ECF pulp is produced with a bleaching alternative that serves to reduce harmful by-products. To minimise the environmental impact of the bleaching process the ECF process is usually combined with bleaching stages involving oxygen, hot acid, or ozone.
The EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is a premium management instrument developed by the European Commission for companies and other organisations to evaluate, report and improve their environmental performance.
EU EcoLabel, EU Flower
The European Ecolabel is a European certification managed by the European Commission with independent and impartial organisations responsible for implementing at national level. The EU Ecolabel guarantees a very low environmental impact in the manufacturing of paper through low air and water emissions, reduced consumption of electricity, improved waste recovery and preventive measures with regards to human health.
FSC Certified – 100%
The FSC 100% label means that the wood within the product comes completely from FSC-certified well-managed forests. Pulp sourced from forests that have been certified by the Forest Stewardship Council. FSC helps take care of forests and the people and wildlife who call them home. It works to promote responsible forestry, conserve biological diversity and protect old growth forests. This system allows consumers to identify, purchase and use wood, paper and other forest products produced from well-managed forests and/or recycled materials. FSC also includes a ‘Chain Of Custody’ system that tracks paper from the forest, all the way to finished material offering clients complete paper traceability.
FSC Certified – Mix
A FSC mix label means at least 70 per cent of the wood in a product comes from FSC certified or recycled material; while 30 per cent is made of controlled wood.
FSC Certified – Recycled
The recycled label means the wood or paper in a product comes from reclaimed material.
Full Cycle is the certification for recycled paper products manufactured in a closed-loop process.
ISO 14001 EMS (Environmental Management Systems)
Paper is manufactured by a mill that is accredited with ISO 14001, the international standard for organising and achieving continual improvement in environmental management systems. This standard reviews the total manufacturing process and seeks continuous improvement in aspects such as energy efficiency, waste reduction and pollution control.
ISO 9706 Longlife
Papers displaying this symbol are guaranteed by international standards to last up to 100 years.
Process Chlorine Free (PCF)
Paper made without the use of chlorine in the recycled bleaching process.
An independent, non-profit, which promotes sustainably managed forests through independent third party certification. PEFC provides an assurance mechanism to purchasers of wood and paper products that they are promoting the sustainable management of forests. Sustainable forest management creates outcomes that are socially just, ecologically sound and economically viable – the three pillars of sustainability.
Recycled paper is manufactured from previously used paper and packaging that is collected and re-pulped to create waste fibre that can be re-manufactured into new paper. There are two types of waste fibres available, Post Consumer Waste Fibre (PCW) and Pre-Consumer Waste Fibre.
PCW is considered the truest form of recycled fibre, as it is manufactured from paper that has been recovered from consumer use. As the original paper has often been printed on, it needs to be de-inked (colour and ink removed using a chemical ink process) before it can be re-produced into paper again.
Pre-Consumer Waste Fibre is manufactured from a paper mill’s off cuts and waste and printers trimmings. As the original paper has not been printed on, it does not require de-inking.
Totally Chlorine Free
TCF bleaching is carried out without any chemicals containing chlorine, thereby avoiding the generation of organically-bound chlorine in the pulp and waste water stream. TCF cannot apply to recycled papers, because the source fibre cannot be determined.
Tree free paper is described an alternative to wood-pulp paper by its raw material composition. It is claimed to be more eco-friendly considering the product's entire life cycle. Sources of fiber for tree free paper include: agricultural residues (e.g. sugarcane bagasse, husks and straw) fiber crops and wild plants, such as bamboo, kenaf, hemp, jute, and flax, or textiles and cordage wastes.
Manufacturing process is powered by electricity generated from windpower. Mohawk produce all their papers with the use of 100% wind-generated electricity. Wind energy is emission free and completely renewable. This form of electricity is generated by resources that produce little or no pollution.